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Economic Report: Consumer spending barely rises in July — but mostly due to cheaper gas

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The numbers: Consumer spending rose a scant 0.1% in July, held down by tumbling gas prices. Yet overall spending outpaced inflation and signaled the U.S. economy is still growing and unlikely to tip into recession soon.

Economists polled by The Wall Street Journal had forecast a 0.5% increase.

Consumer spending rose a slightly faster 0.2% last month after adjusting for inflation.

The cost of living fell in July for the first time in more than two years thanks to a sharp drop in gasoline prices.

As a result, the increase in the yearly rate of inflation slowed to 6.3% from 6.8%, based on the so-called PCE price index.

A better known inflation gauge called the consumer price index put the increase in inflation over the past 12 months at 8.5%, however.

Consumer spending drives as much as 70% of U.S. economic activity. While spending has waned this year, Americans are still spending enough to keep the economy in expansion mode.

Incomes rose 0.2% in the month, the government said, though households are still falling behind financially.

Big picture:  Falling oil prices have given households some relief from the worst inflation in almost 41 years, but they still face a heavy burden from higher prices of food, rent and other staples.

The Federal Reserve is also increasing U.S. interest rates sharply to try to drive inflation lower, but the central bank’s aggressive posture raises the risk of a second recession in three years.

Market reaction: The Dow Jones Industrial Average
DJIA,
+0.98%

and S&P 500
SPX,
+1.41%

were set to open lower in Friday trades.

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